Epsilon SGR

The active management specialist

Epsilon SGR is a company specialised in active portfolio management.

Established in 1997 as a quantitative management confidence hub, in 2008 Epsilon SGR extended its range of activity to managing multi-strategy funds with total return investment goals, and thanks to the shareholding  acquired in the company by the Banca IMI in 2010, to new product lines that incorporate the risk management competencies and the investment protection methodologies that are typical of investment banking. Epsilon SGR has therefore brought together asset management skills (asset selection, markets, typical levers of the traditional investment process) and skills that are typical of investment banking (structuring of financial instruments, development of investment protection methodologies, sophisticated risk management), building a team of analysts and managers capable of creating innovative strategies and effectively covering the various phases of the investment process.

Since 3 June 2019, Epsilon SGR has been 100% owned by Eurizon Capital SGR, that previously held a 51% shareholding.

The management teams have many years of experience in these specific fields:

  • Quantitative Investments

    The team is made up of portfolio managers specialised by management models (multiple-factor stock picking models, dynamic strategies, tactical asset allocation). Team members manage the portfolios, or part of them (both directly and in delegated form) mostly using quantitative models. The team also engages in research and development activities on quantitative models with the aim of further improving the management of the assets entrusted to the Company.

    The team is led by Maria Bruna Riccardi.

  • Discretional and Total Return Investments

    The team includes portfolio managers specialised by type of issuer and financial instrument (money markets, government bonds and spread products). The team offers high-discretion portfolio (full or partial) management services (both directly and in delegated form) geared to creating return while managing risks tied to the components represented by products in securities with exposure to specific target markets and/or asset classes. Based on the analyses carried out, baseline scenarios are drawn up to support the definition of investment views.

    The team is led by Luca Sibani.

Epsilon SGR is headed by Oreste Auleta, CEO and General Manager of the company.


The composition of the Company’s Board of Directors and Supervisory Board is illustrated below.

Board of Directors

Maria Luisa Gota Chairwoman
Oreste Auleta CEO and General Manager
Alessandro Solina Board Member
Andrea Chioatto Board Member
Gianluigi Baccolini Independent Board Member
Salvatore Bocchetti Independent Board Member
Rodolfo Masto Independent Board Member
Sabrina Racca Board Member

Supervisory Board

Andrea Mora Chairman
Roberta Benedetti Standing Supervisory Board Member
Francesco Spinoso Standing Supervisory Board Member
Giulia Lechi Alternate Supervisory Board Member
Giovanna Conca Alternate Supervisory Board Member



Management models

The financial markets are increasingly complex nowadays. In order to define valid portfolio strategies and make correct investment decisions, in addition to relying on the skills of the asset manager, an increasingly large number of factors must be taken into consideration, and the most advanced financial technology must be used to reduce the uncertainty of the investment as much as possible, and identify the best-suited instruments to reap the opportunities offered by the markets. Objective: offer investment solutions that allow investors to address the financial markets with as much peace of mind as possible.

For all these reasons, Epsilon uses models to:
  • Select individual securities, stocks or bonds, with the highest relative value and strongest growth potential

    Relative value

    Epsilon applies relative value models to both its stock and bond portfolios. Relative value analyses make it possible to:

    • Systematically use all the information available on the market
    • Concentrate on a few securities, selecting those with the strongest growth potential, to outperform the benchmark (active security picking)
    • Build a portfolio with a similar risk structure to the benchmark’s, but with more appealing prospected return.

    The relative value model drawn up by Epsilon for Eurozone and European equity portfolios uses statistical instruments to identify the macro factors (business sector, country) and micro factors (fundamental balance sheet data, market trend indicators, financial analyst expectations) most closely correlated to the relative value of each individual security. Based on the macro factors, it subdivides the universe of securities into consistent groups; based on the micro factors, it carries out analyses of individual securities and determines their relative value. Lastly, every day it selects the securities with the highest relative value.

    The portfolio is monitored on a daily basis in order to verify the effectiveness of factor exposures, active choices, and systemic risk components.

    The relative value model drawn up by Epsilon for euro area government bond portfolios uses statistical instruments to identify the factors most closely correlated to the relative value of each individual security, such as duration, date of the security’s position on the term structure of yields, the country of issue emission, and its intrinsic characteristics.

    The model valuates all the securities that can be invested in (represented by the benchmark) in relation to the term structure of monetary market euro rates and, by drawing this comparison, determines the extent to which the difference between market value and estimated value depends on the intrinsic characteristics of the security.

    Based on this analysis, it ranks securities by convenience and subdivides the term structure into segments in function of residual life, selecting for each segment the most convenient securities. Lastly, it builds the portfolio in such as way as to guarantee a similar level of risk to the benchmark’s.

    In this case as well, the portfolio is monitored on a daily basis in order to verify the effectiveness of factor exposures, active choices, and systemic risk components.
  • Achieve protection against the risk of unexpected losses, while retaining the possibility of benefiting from market upswings

    Dynamic hedging

    Epsilon uses dynamic hedging models with the aim of protecting assets during market downswings, by changing the portfolio’s exposure to risk assets, and benefiting from market upswings.

    The dynamic hedging model drawn up by Epsilon establishes minimum targeted return on a set time horizon and, for market index representative of the risk assets, analyses the probability of achieving higher return than the minimum target. In function of this probability, the model changes the portfolio’s exposure to risk assets, progressively increasing it during upswing phases on the market addressed, or reducing it gradually, even to zero, during downswings.

    The residual portion of the portfolio is invested in monetary market instruments.

    Index tracking and/or relative value techniques are used at the same time to create portfolios of risk asset (government bonds and/or stocks) capable of replicating the trend of the main indices.

  • Replicate the trend of a market index with a limited number of securities

    Index tracking

    Epsilon uses index tracking models for the Eurozone and European stock markets, with the aim of:

    • Replicating the trend of the market index investing in a limited number of securities;
    • Obtaining a portfolio with similar return and risk profile to those of the market addressed, benefiting from lower transaction costs.

    The index tracking model created by Epsilon identifies macro factors, such as the business sector and the country of origin, and micro factors, such as the market capitalisation of the security each security’s exposure to market risk (beta coefficient), that determine the structure of the market index considered.

    Based on the macro factors, it subdivides the universe of securities into consistent groups; based on the micro factors, it defines a scale of values to apply to each individual security in accordance with its correlation with the index to replicate; lastly, it selects from each group the securities most closely correlated with the index.

    The portfolio is monitored on a daily basis in order to verify the effectiveness of the replication and the level of risk compared to the benchmark.
  • Diversify investment by asset classes and geographical regions to achieve targeted return taking on minimum risk


    Epsilon takes a multi-strategy approach with risk control (VAR) in order to achieve total return objectives.

    This approach makes it possible to:

    • Diversify investment by asset class and geographical region
    • Diversify sources of return generation
    • Achieve consistent return over time with the predetermined risk profile

    The multi-strategy approach translates into an investment process that strives to:

    • Invest liquidity in risk-free assets (monetary instruments, deposits)
    • Generate return over time using a broad universe of strategies across interest rates, exchange rates, credits, and stocks
    • Control in real time  the overall risk tied to the portfolio and to individual strategies.

    The decision-making process behind the strategies è guided by investment views, that translate into directional choices on the main asset classes: government bonds and interest rates, corporate bonds, forex credit and stocks.

    These directional choices stem from the analysis of three elements: baseline macroeconomic scenario, valuations, positioning and market sentiment.

    Investment views are on a 6-12 month horizon, but are revised monthly. In determining exposure to the stock markets, the process also relies on the support of the quantitative tactical asset allocation model.

    The portfolio is monitored on a daily basis in order to verify the effectiveness of the active choices and the components of systemic risk.

  • Invest on the stock markets taking a flexible approach

    Tactical asset allocation

    Epsilon uses a tactical asset allocation model with the aim of investing on the international stock markets taking a flexible approach, and achieving over the long term higher return than the stock market, mitigating risk.

    The portfolio tactical asset allocation model built by Epsilon identifies a set of macroeconomic and financial variables that help forecast the trend of the stock market, and estimates the probability of the stock market generating positive return based on the aforementioned variables, as well as the size of the return.

    The model then assesses the risk tied to the investment in stocks in the following period; it defines exposure to the stock markets using the estimates drawn up, and periodically adjusts exposure in function of the evolution of the estimates.

    Il portfolio is monitored on a daily basis in order to verify the effectiveness of the active choices and of systemic risk components.

Research and structuring
At Epsilon SGR, economic and financial research, statistical data analysis, and the construction of financial models and software, play a fundamental role in supporting asset management activity.
The quantitative models, most of which are developed internally, are applied on a daily basis to the portfolios managed, as a fundamentals part of the entire investment process.
Focus on innovation is supported by a solid operational structure that makes the most of the synergies between Eurizon Capital SGR and Intesa Sanpaolo’s IMI Corporate & Investment Banking division.
   Eurizon Capital SGR   Intesa Sanpaolo’s IMI Corporate & Investment Banking division   Epsilon SGR

Buy-side research

Generation of alpha and beta

Fund selection

Risk management


Sell-side research

Financial engineering


Market making


Development of models and management software


Development of investment products

Proprietary risk management

Specifically Epsilon SGR’s structuring activity is aimed at applying financial engineering techniques to asset management instruments, in order to produce particularly efficient risk/return profiles for clients.
By using structuring models, Epsilon SGR can manage:
Protected stock funds with controlled volatility, that allow the investor to approach medium-term investment in stocks with greater peace of mind
Diversified bond portfolios with a multi-year investment horizon and periodical distribution of proceeds, that also offer the option of protecting the capital invested
Dynamic exposure to currencies other than the euro, or to high yield currencies, with no need to resort to investment in debt securities

Risk control

Risk control helps make Epsilon SGR’s innovative products more efficient. The quantitative algorithms developed by the AM company, for instance, allow the targeting of capital protection upon maturity, maintaining significant exposure to risk assets throughout the life of the product, limiting the maximum volatility taken on by the fund and reducing to a minimum potential losses determined by extreme market movements.
For these reasons, in its asset management activity, Epsilon SGR places particular emphasis on risk control, that is implemented both ex-ante, while the portfolio is being built, and ex-post, by periodically analysing portfolio risks.
Also, performance attribution is periodically calculated, in order to highlight the contributions made to portfolio performance by asset allocation and security selection.
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